European XFEL Theory Seminar

Infrared spectroscopy and dynamics of the Zundel and Eigencations by means of the multi-configurational time-dependent Hartree approach.

by Oriol Vendrell (Heidelberg University)

XHQ / E1. 172 (European XFEL)

XHQ / E1. 172

European XFEL

Campus Schenefeld

Protonated water clusters [H(H2O)n]+ constitute the basic units that explain the structural and dynamical features of the hydrated proton in water. Embedded in biological and materials structures, these clusters, mediate proton mobility, e.g. across membranes, and hence play an important role in charge transfer phenomena.Therefore, over the years and until today, the infrared (IR) spectroscopy of[H(H2O)n]+ clusters has been investigated in great detail in the gas phase mostly using action spectroscopy techniques [1]. In parallel, different kinds of theoretical approaches have been applied in order to reproduce and assign those spectra.Protonated water clusters are very flexible and feature large couplings and resonance phenomena among their vibrational modes, with several equivalent potential energy minima connected by shallow barriers.To date, only calculations based on the MCTDH approach were able to reproduce IR spectrum of the Zundel cation (n=2) in the full spectral range extending from 0 to 4000 cm-1 and could assign all of its most prominent spectral features [2,3].In this contribution, we will discuss and review the key aspects of the IR spectroscopy of the Zundel cation and will present preliminary results on the complete IR spectrum of the Eigen cation (n=4), whose gas-phase spectrum has been recently measured [4], and for which an accurate potential energy surface is available [5]. The Eigen cation is 33-dimensional. Coping with systems of this large dimensionality in a set of internal coordinates that faithfully describe their flexibility and couplings over the complete spectral range requires of the convergence ofvarious technologies: automatic analytic derivation of kinetic energy operators, fitting of potential energy surfaces to product form by Monte-Carlo approaches, and last but not least, the multilayer extension of MCTDH to cope with the high dimensionality of the wavefunction.


[1] J.M. Headrick et al., Science 308, 1765 (2005);

[2] OV, F. Gatti, H.-D. Meyer,Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (VIP) 46, 6918 (2007);

[3] OV, F. Gatti, H.-D. Meyer, Angew.Chem. Int. Ed. (VIP) 48, 352 (2009);

[4] T.K. Esser et al., J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9, 798(2018);

[5] Q. Yu, J.M. Bowman, J. Phys. Chem. A 123, 1399 (2019)

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