Jul 12 – 23, 2021
Europe/Berlin timezone

Periodicities Observed in Neutron Monitor Counting Rates Throughout Solar Cycles 20-24

Jul 14, 2021, 6:00 PM
1h 30m


Talk SH | Solar & Heliospheric Discussion


Alejandro López Comazzi (Universidad de Alcalá)


Neutron monitor cosmic rays and Sun Spot Number (SSN) measurements from 1964 to 2019 corresponding with the Solar Cycles 20–24 have been used. A Global Neutron Monitor (GNM) has been built as virtual representative station to characterize solar activity. Morlet wavelet analysis was applied to the GNM and SSN in order to determine possible periodicities. This analysis was applied both to
the whole studied interval (1964–2019) and to each Solar Cycle separately. The 27-day period and its second harmonic, related to solar synodic rotation, a periodicity between 45 and 84 days, the Rieger
period and nearly annual period have been detected in all SCs in the two analyzed magnitudes. On a larger scales, 1.3–, 1.7–,11– and 19–year periods were obtained in GNM counting rates and 2.4-, 3.3–, 5.6- and 11-year period in SSN. A time lag analysis between GNM and SSN have also been performed.
The result obtained in this study confirms previous works: in the even SCs, the maximum value of cross-correlation function occurs in a lag of 4—6 days while in the odd SCs in a lag of 100—300 days. This fact implies that the modulation of cosmic rays by solar activity is different for odd and
even cycles.


Cosmic Rays; Neutron Monitors; Sunspot Number

Collaboration other (fill field below)
other Collaboration SRG-UAH
Subcategory Experimental Results

Primary author

Alejandro López Comazzi (Universidad de Alcalá)


Dr Juan José Blanco Ávalos (Universidad de Alcalá)

Presentation materials