Jul 12 – 23, 2021
Europe/Berlin timezone

Tracing the origin of low diffusivity and CR bubbles around sources

Jul 15, 2021, 12:00 PM
1h 30m


Talk CRD | Cosmic Ray Direct Discussion


Benedikt Schroer (Gran Sasso Science Institute)


Cosmic rays leave their sources mainly along the local magnetic field present in the region around the source and in doing so they excite both resonant and non-resonant modes through streaming instabilities. The excitation of these modes leads to enhanced particle scattering and in turn to a large pressure gradient that causes the formation of expanding bubbles of gas and self-generated magnetic fields. By means of hybrid particle-in-cell simulations, we demonstrate that, by exciting this instability, cosmic rays excavate a cavity around their source where the diffusivity is strongly suppressed. This phenomenon is general and is expected to occur around any sufficiently powerful cosmic ray source in the Galaxy. Our results are consistent with recent $\gamma$-ray observations where emission from the region around supernova remnants and stellar clusters have been used to infer that the diffusion coefficient around these sources is $\sim 10-100$ times smaller than the typical Galactic one.


Cosmic rays; Cosmic ray propagation; Cosmic ray sources; Plasma instabilities; supernova remnants

Subcategory Theoretical Results

Primary author

Benedikt Schroer (Gran Sasso Science Institute)


Prof. Pasquale Blasi (Gran Sasso Science Institute) Prof. Damiano Caprioli (University of Chicago ) Dr Colby Haggerty (University of Chicago) Dr Oreste Pezzi (Gran Sasso Science Institute)

Presentation materials