TIGERISS ( Trans-Iron Galactic Element Recorder for the International Space Station) is a natural evolution to space of the balloon-borne TIGER and SuperTIGER instruments discussed elsewhere at this conference. TIGERISS will be proposed to the next NASA Pioneers opportunity, anticipated in September 2021, as an ISS-attached mission to extend measurements of the relative abundances of galactic cosmic-ray nuclei to the Pt-Pb region with individual element resolution and excellent statistical precision. TIGERISS is designed to accurately determine the atomic number of incident nuclei to beyond the end of the periodic table and to begin measurements at a low-Z trigger threshold, planned for between He and C in order to measure the velocity distributions of the more common species using its Cherenkov detectors. TIGERISS measures the atomic number of incident nuclei by both the differential ionization energy loss (dE/dX) vs. Cherenkov (velocity) technique and the Cherenkov vs. Cherenkov technique using acrylic and silica-aerogel Cherenkov detectors as in TIGER and SuperTIGER. However, it utilizes silicon strip detectors for dE/dX and trajectory measurements, replacing the plastic scintillators and scintillating fiber hodoscopes of TIGER and SuperTIGER. The scientific goals and anticipated results of TIGERISS are discussed in an accompanying paper at this conference. Here we give the details of the TIGERISS measurement technique and its technical implementation.
ultra-heavy cosmic-ray nuclei, particle detectors, space station
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|Subcategory||Experimental Methods & Instrumentation|