Jul 12 – 23, 2021
Europe/Berlin timezone

Cosmic Ray Composition between 2 PeV and 2 EeV measured by the TALE Fluorescence Detector

Jul 13, 2021, 6:00 PM
1h 30m


Talk CRI | Cosmic Ray Indirect Discussion


Tareq AbuZayyad (Loyola University Chicago; University of Utah)


The Telescope Array (TA) cosmic rays detector located in the State of Utah in the United States is the largest ultra high energy cosmic rays detector in the northern hemisphere. The Telescope Array Low Energy Extension (TALE) fluorescence detector (FD) was added to TA in order to lower the detector's energy threshold, and has succeeded in measuring the cosmic rays energy spectrum down to PeV energies, by making use of the direct Cherenkov light produced by air showers. In this contribution we present the results of a measurement of the cosmic-ray composition using TALE FD data collected over a period of ~4 years. TALE FD data is used to measure the $X_{max}$ distributions of showers seen in the energy range of $10^{15.3}$ - $10^{18.3}$ eV. The data distributions are fit to Monte Carlo distributions of {H, He, N, Fe} cosmic-ray primaries for energies up to $10^{18}$ eV. Mean $X_{max}$ values are measured for the full energy range. TALE observes a light composition at the "Knee", that gets gradually heavier as energy increases toward the "Second-Knee". An increase in the $X_{max}$ elongation rate is observed at energies just above $10^{17.3}$ eV indicating a change in the cosmic rays composition from a heavier to a lighter mix of primaries.


Cosmic Rays; Composition; Cherenkov; Galactic Cosmic Rays; Knee

Subcategory Experimental Results
Collaboration Telescope Array

Primary authors

Tareq AbuZayyad (Loyola University Chicago; University of Utah) For the Telescope Array Collaboration

Presentation materials