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Jul 26 – 30, 2021
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Comparison of $pp$ and $p \bar{p}$ differential elastic cross sections and observation of the exchange of a colorless $C$-odd gluonic compound

Jul 26, 2021, 11:45 AM


Parallel session talk QCD and Hadronic Physics T06: QCD and Hadronic Physics


Christophe Royon (The University of Kansas (US))


We describe an analysis comparing the $p\bar{p}$ elastic cross section as measured by the D0 Collaboration at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96~TeV to that in $pp$ collisions as measured by the TOTEM Collaboration at 2.76, 7, 8, and 13 TeV using a model-independent approach. The TOTEM cross sections, extrapolated to a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} =$ 1.96 TeV, are compared with the D0 measurement in the region of the diffractive minimum and the second maximum of the $pp$ cross section.
The two data sets disagree at the 3.4$\sigma$ level and thus provide evidence for the $t$-channel exchange of a colorless, $C$-odd gluonic compound, also known as the odderon.
We combine these results with a TOTEM analysis of the same $C$-odd exchange based on the total cross section and the ratio of the real to imaginary parts of the forward elastic strong interaction scattering amplitude in $pp$ scattering.
The combined significance is larger than 5$\sigma$ and is interpreted as the first observation of the exchange of a colorless, $C$-odd gluonic compound.

Collaboration / Activity D0 / TOTEM
First author Christophe Royon

Primary author

Christophe Royon (The University of Kansas (US))

Presentation materials