26-30 July 2021
Europe/Berlin timezone

Exploring Earth's Matter Effect in High-Precision Long-Baseline Experiments

Not scheduled


Poster Neutrino Physics T04: Neutrino Physics


Ms Masoom Singh (Utkal University and Institute of Physics, Bhubneswar)


A detailed understanding of Earth's Matter effect is inevitable to correctly analyze the data from the upcoming high-precision long-baseline experiments to resolve the remaining fundamental unknowns such as neutrino mass ordering, leptonic CP violation and precision measurements of the oscillation parameters. In this paper, for the first time, we explore in detail the capability of Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) to establish the matter oscillation as a function of $\delta_{\mathrm{CP}}$ and $\theta_{23}$ by excluding the vacuum oscillation. We find that DUNE is sensitive to Earth’s matter effect at more than 2$\sigma$ C.L. irrespective of the choice of the oscillation parameters. The relative 1$\sigma$ precision in the measurement of line-averaged constant Earth matter density ($\rho_{\mathrm{avg}}$ ) for maximal CP-violating choices of $\delta_{\mathrm{CP}}$ is around 10% to 15% depending on the choice of neutrino mass ordering. If $\delta_{\mathrm{CP}}$ turns out to be around -90$^{\circ}$ or 90$^{\circ}$ , the precision in measuring ρavg is better in DUNE as compared to what are achievable from the Super-K atmospheric data, combined data from Solar and KamLand, and full exposure of T2K and NO$\nu$A. We also observe new interesting degeneracies among $\rho_{\mathrm{avg}}$ , $\delta_{\mathrm{CP}}$ , and $\theta_{23}$ and notice that the present uncertainty in $\delta_{\mathrm{CP}}$ dilutes more the measurement of $\rho_{\mathrm{avg}}$ compared to $\theta_{23}$ . To lift these degeneracies, we incorporate the prospective data from the upcoming Tokai to Hyper-Kamiokande (T2HK) and T2HK with a second detector in Korea (T2HKK) experiments. With a relatively shorter baseline and high statistics at first oscillation maximum, T2HK offers unprecedented sensitivity to establish genuine CP violation and to measure $\delta_{\mathrm{CP}}$, whereas in the T2HKK setup, the second detector in Korea with a roughly four times longer baseline is more sensitive to Earth's matter effect and provides crucial information on $\delta_{\mathrm{CP}}$ working at second oscillation maximum. We explore interesting complementarities among these possible setups and find that the combined data from DUNE and T2HKK can establish Earth’s matter effect at more than 5$\sigma$ C.L. irrespective of the choices of mass ordering, $\delta_{\mathrm{CP}}$, and $\theta_{23}$.

Collaboration / Activity N.A.

Primary author

Ms Masoom Singh (Utkal University and Institute of Physics, Bhubneswar)


Dr Sanjib Kumar Agarwalla (Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar)

Presentation Materials