15-18 March 2021
Europe/Berlin timezone

Single Crystal Diffraction Experiments under High Pressure with Hot Neutrons at MLZ

17 Mar 2021, 16:15


Poster contribution Neutron-Instrumentation Advanced instrumentation and data analysis


Dr Martin Meven (RWTH Aachen University)


M. Meven$^{*1,2}$, A. Grzechnik$^1$, V. Hutanu$^{1,2}$, K. Friese$^3$, A. Eich$^{1,3}$ and G. Roth$^1$

$^1$Institute of Crystallography, RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen, Germany
$^2$Jülich Centre for Neutron Science at Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, 85747 Garching, Germany
$^3$Jülich Centre for Neutron Science–2/Peter Grünberg-Institute–4, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, 52425 Jülich, Germany

*e-mail: martin.meven@frm2.tum.de

Due to their specific peculiarities neutrons are a very useful probe for structural studies on various hot topics related to physics, chemistry and mineralogy. The neutron single crystal diffractometer HEiDi at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) offers high flux, high resolution and large $q$ range, low absorption and high sensitivity for light elements. These properties apply in a similar way to its polarized sister diffractometer POLI, which is optimized for magnetic structure determinations.
In 2016 a project was launched in order to allow studies on tiny samples < 1 mm³ and to develop new pressure cells for HEiDi which can be combined with its existing low temperature equipment in order to study structural properties down to temperatures below 10 K, e.g. MnFe$4$Si$3$ compounds and their magnetic features [1]. As part of this project (funded by the BMBF, No. 05K16PA3), various neutron-optical components (Cu220-monochromator, solid state collimators, neutron guides) were developed and optimized in order to generate a sufficiently high flux density at the sample location at the wavelength $λ$ = 0.87 Å. Very tiny single crystal samples (< 0.1 mm³) were successfully studied using various newly developed diamond anvil cells up to several GPa, either with a panoramic pressure cell in combination with low temperatures [2] or in a transmission pressure cell, which allows simultaneous studies of the same sample using neutron, synchrotron as well as laboratory x-ray sources [3].
This project is now followed up by a second one (BMBF No. 05K19PA2) focusing on further improving the high pressure capabilities on HEiDi and POLI (including the installation of a 2-dimensional detector) and the development of optimized pressure cells for further instruments at the MLZ, namely POLI, DNS and MIRA (see contribution by A. Eich).

[1] A. Grzechnik et al.; Single-Crystal Neutron Diffraction in Diamond Anvil Cells with Hot Neutrons; J. Appl. Cryst. 51, 351-356 (2018).
[2] A. Eich et al.; Magnetocaloric Mn$_5$Si$_3$ and MnFe$_4$Si$_3$ at variable pressure and temperature; Mater. Res. Express 6, 096118 (2019).
[3] A. Grzechnik et al.; Combined X-ray and neutron single-crystal diffraction in diamond anvil cells; J. Appl. Cryst. 53(1), 1 - 6 (2020).

Primary author

Dr Martin Meven (RWTH Aachen University)


Dr Andrzej Grzechnik (RWTH Aachen University) Dr Vladimir Hutanu (RWTH Aachen University) Dr Karen Friese (JCNS-2 Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH) Andreas Eich (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH) Prof. Georg Roth (RWTH Aachen, Institut für Kristallographie)

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